Visions of Damietta: St. Francis, Robert Grosseteste, and the Crusades, 1219-1253

Gammie, Rosamund (2023) Visions of Damietta: St. Francis, Robert Grosseteste, and the Crusades, 1219-1253. Franciscan Studies, 81. pp. 141-168. ISSN 1945-9718

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This paper determines Bishop Robert Grosseteste's († 1253) attitude to the crusades of the early thirteenth century by contextualizing them in light of his knowledge of St. Francis at Damietta in 1219. By establishing Grosseteste’s knowledge of the Fifth Crusade, and St. Francis’s actions therein, through his own corpus and letters, it is possible to provide more clarity on his own attitude and response to subsequent crusading movements, particularly the Seventh Crusade. In addition to Franciscan ideals, this paper also charts Grosseteste's relationship with two knights in particular; Richard Siward, and Richard of Cornwall, brother of Henry III, and re-examines Grosseteste's defense of Siward in 1236. By chronologically charting Grosseteste's gradual disillusionment with the crusades this paper identifies a number of influencing factors that determined this disillusionment, from personal relationships with individual knights to overarching abuses of the Church and Crown.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2023 Franciscan Institute Publications. This is an author accepted manuscript of a paper subsequently published in Franciscan Studies. Uploaded in accordance with the publisher's self-archiving policy.
Divisions: School of Humanities
Depositing User: Ros Gammie
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2024 07:57
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2024 07:57

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